Explanation Text: Pengertian, Struktur, Ciri-Ciri, dan Contoh

Explanation Text: Pengertian, Struktur, Ciri-Ciri, dan Contoh

Halo Scholars…
Pada artikel kali ini kita akan mempelajari tentang Explanation text. Seperti namanya, Explanation text merupakan teks yang menjelaskan sesuatu. Kita akan membahas lebih dalam mengenai pengertian, struktur, ciri-ciri, dan contoh dari Explanation text. Buat kalian yang masih bingung cara menulis Explanation text, mari simak artikel berikut.
Okay, let’s go!

Baca juga: Jasa Penerjemah Tersumpah

1. Pengertian Explanation Text

Explanation text adalah teks yang menjelaskan kepada pembaca mengenai proses terjadinya fenomena alam, sosial, pengetahuan, budaya, dan lainnya.

2. Generic Structure of Explanation Text

Berikut generic structure dari Explanation text:

  • Title

Judul pada Explanation text biasanya diawali dengan kata how dan why.

  • A general statement

Pada bagian ini berisi tentang pernyataan umum yang bertujuan untuk memberikan gambaran pada pembaca tentang topik yang dibahas.

  • Explanation

Bagian ini berisi tentang penjelasan proses mengapa fenomena tersebut bisa terjadi atau tercipta. Explanation berupa jawaban dari pertanyaan ‘why’ dan ‘how’.

  • Closing

Bagian akhir ini berisi tentang langkah akhir yang dijelaskan pada bagian Explanation.

Baca juga: Narrative Text: Pengertian, Struktur, Ciri-Ciri, dan Contoh

3. Characteristics of Explanation Text

  • Simple Present Tense

Menggunakan simple present tense. Karena Explanation text berisi tentang fakta suatu kejadian atau tindakan.

  • Passive Voice

Menggunakan passive voice, seperti happened, occured, taken, etc.

  • Chronological Connectors

Menggunakan chronological connectors. Seperti first, second, after that, next, etc.

  • Noun, Pronouns, dan Action Verb

Menggunakan pronouns, dan action verb. Seperti pronoun (he, you, their), action verb (came, attended, built), etc.

Baca juga: Recount Text: Pengertian, Struktur, Ciri-Ciri, dan Contoh

4. Example of Explanation Text

Berikut contoh dari Explanation text dan penjelasannya:

Why Eiffel Tower Was Built?

If we talk about the Wonders of the World buildings, then we will see Eiffel Tower as one of them. (general statement) However, many of us do not know the tower’s past history on why it was build. Everything has the reasonable background, especially for the tower which is to be one of the most recognized buildings in the world.

Primarily, the Eiffel Tower was built for the World Exhibition. It was called Paris Exposition in 1889. The exhibition was organized to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the French Revolution. The purpose of building Eiffel Tower in such structure was to show to the world France’s advancement of technology and beauty. The Eiffel Tower was designed by Gustave Eiffel. It seemed that then the name of the tower was derived from the designer’s last name, “Eiffel”. (explanation)

Another reason on why the tower was built was for scientific progress. Although few realized it, the Eiffel Tower would become the prominent structure in terms of science and technology. Many experiment with temperature, pressure and pendulums were performed atop the unique famous building. Additionally the Eiffel Tower was used for radio transmission tower. Many experiments were conducted atop the Eiffel Tower for radio transmission advancement.
Once the Eiffel Tower was proposed to be demolished but it was spared because the tower had the promising future as a radio tower. (closing)

Baca juga: Report Text: Pengertian, Struktur, Ciri-Ciri, dan Contoh

References:

https://www.slideshare.net/dappopoopo/types-of-text-in-
https://www.kuliahbahasainggris.com/explanation-text/
https://blog.cakap.com/contoh-explanation-text

Siti Khomairoh
Chiera_ceria
funvenchiera@gmail.com

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