Past Perfect Tense: Pengertian, Jenis, Pola, dan Contoh

Past Perfect Tense: Pengertian, Jenis, Pola, dan Contoh

Past perfect tense adalah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menerangkan suatu perbuatan/tindakan/kegiatan yang telah selesai dilakukan pada waktu lampau atau menjelaskan suatu keadaan/peristiwa yang telah terjadi. Pada umumnya lebih menegaskan keadaan/peristiwa yang lebih dulu terjadi.

Baca juga: Jasa Penerjemah Tersumpah

Mari Kita Mengenal Pola Kalimat Verbal dan Nominal serta Pembagiannya dalam Past Perfect Tense

A. Pola Kalimat Verbal

  1. Pola kalimat verbal positif, sebagai berikut:
Subjek + had + past participle (V3)
Contoh:
– She had slept when I came last night.
– We had copied the lesson before our teacher came to the class.

2. Pola kalimat verbal negatif, sebagai berikut:

Subjek + had + not + past participle (V3)
Contoh:
– She had not slept when I came last night.
– We had not copied the lesson before our teacher came to the class.

3. Pola kalimat verbal tanya, sebagai berikut:

Had + subjek + past participle (V3)
Contoh:
– Had she slept when I came last night? (answered: yes, she had/no, she hadn’t).
– Had we copied the lesson before our teacher came to the class? (answered: yes, we had/no, we hadn’t).

Baca juga: Past Perfect Continuous Tense: Pengertian, Jenis, Pola, dan Contoh

B. Pola Kalimat Nominal

  1. Pola kalimat nominal positif, sebagai berikut:
Subjek + had + been + non verb
Contoh:
– I had been there when the accident happened.
– She had been a doctor when he went abroad.

2. Pola kalimat nominal negatif, sebagai berikut:

Subjek + had + not + been + non verb
Contoh:
– I had not been there when the accident happened.
– She had not been a doctor when he went abroad.

3. Pola kalimat nominal tanya, sebagai berikut:

Had + subjek + been + non verb + ?
Contoh:
– Had I been there when the accident happened? (answered: yes, you had been/no, you hadn’t been).
– Had she been a doctor when he went abroad? (answered: yes, she had been/no, she hadn’t been).

Referensi: Complete English Grammar Special Edition, Tata bahasa Inggris Lengkap, oleh Drs. Rudy Hariyono

Author: Muhammad Rifai
Email: mhdrifai82@gmail.com
Instagram: @rifaikhairi

Baca juga: Latihan Soal Materi Past Tense

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