Reading Comprehension Exercises
Read the text below to answer questions from 1 to 10!
Television or TV
An American family watching TV in the 1950s. Televisions show sounds and pictures. They get data from cables, discs, or over-the-air signals. They turn this data into sounds and images. People watch news and shows on them. You probably call them TVs.
The first TV was made by John Baird in 1925. It had one color. It could only show 30 lines. This was just enough room for a face. It didn’t work well, but it was a start. The first TV station was set up in 1928. It was in New York. Few people had TVs. The broadcasts were not meant to be watched. They showed a Felix the Cat doll for two hours a day. The doll spun around on a record player. They were experimenting. It took many years to get it right.
By the end of the 1930s, TVs were working well. America got its first taste at the 1939 World’s Fair. This was one of the biggest events ever. There were 200 small, black and white TVs set up around the fair. The U.S. President gave a speech over the TVs. The TVs were only five inches big but the people loved it.
They wanted TVs. But World War II was going on during this time. Factories were busy making guns and bombs. When the war was over, TV spread across the country. By 1948 there were 4 big TV networks in America. They aired their shows from 8 to 11 each night. Local shows were aired at other times. Most of the time, nothing was shown at all. TV was not “always on” like it is now.
Color TVs came out in 1953. They cost too much money for most. Also, shows were aired in black and white. By 1965, color TVs were cheaper. TV stations started airing shows in color. People had to switch if they wanted to see the shows. Now most TVs are high-def. This means that they have many lines on them. This makes the image clear. TVs have come a long way since Baird’s 30 line set. High-def TVs have 1080 lines. There are state of the art sets called 4K TVs. These TVs have 3,840 lines. Some people watch TV in 3D. I wonder what they will come up with next. Smell-o-vision anyone?
- When did color TVs come out?
- Which was not true about the first TV?
a. It only had 30 lines.
b. It did not have sound.
c. It could only show one color.
d. It did not work well.
- By when did networks start showing programs in color?
- Why did the first TV station only show Felix the Cat for two hours a day?
a. Felix the Cat was the only show that they had.
b. Felix the Cat was really popular.
c. Felix the Cat had been a big radio star.
d. They were running tests.
- Which of these events slowed the spread of TVs?
a. World War II
b. The World’s Fair of 1939
c. The election of the U.S. President
d. The Civil War
- Which best explains why many families switched to color TVs in 1965?
a. Color TVs cost a lot of money.
b. Color TVs came out in 1965.
c. Many shows were only shown in color.
d. World War II ended and troops came home with a lot of money.
- Why was 1939 an important year for TV?
a. The first TV station began broadcasting.
b. Many Americans were introduced to TV.
c. John Baird created the first TV.
d. The first color TV was released.
- How many lines does a 4K TV have?
- What is the author’s main purpose in writing this?
a. He is telling readers how TVs became popular.
b. He is describing the history of the TV.
c. He is trying to explain how a TV works.
d. He is trying to get people to watch more TV.
- Which happened first?
a. The 1939 World’s Fair
b. The end of World War II
c. The release of color TVs
d. The release of high-def TVs
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