Real Conditions (Possibly True) dan Unreal Conditions (Not True): Aturan Penulisan dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Real Conditions (Possibly True) dan Unreal Conditions (Not True): Aturan Penulisan dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Halo Scholars!!

Dalam bahasa Inggris, terdapat yang namanya conditional sentences yang biasanya menggunakan modal berupa will, would, can, dan could. Selain itu, conditional sentence juga mengandung kata if. Terdapat dua tipe conditionals yaitu real condition (faktual dan habitual) dan unreal (kebalikan dari fakta). Yuk, mari simak masing-masing penjelasan dari tipe tersebut.

Baca juga: Jasa Penerjemah Tersumpah

Baca juga: Kursus Bahasa Inggris Basic, TOEFL 600+ IELTS 8.5

1. Real Condition

Digunakan ketika pembicara ingin mengekspresikan sebuah aksi atau situasi yang biasanya terjadi atau akan terjadi.

a. Future Time

Bentuk:

If + subject + simple present tense …. + (will/can/may/must) + (verb in simple form)

Contoh kalimat:

  • If I have the money, I will buy a new car.
  • We will have plenty of time to finish the project before dinner if it is only ten o’clock now.

b. Habitual

Bentuk:

If + subject + simple present tense …. + simple present tense …..

Contoh kalimat:

  • If the doctor has morning office hours, he visits his patients in the hospital in the afternoon. (no modal)
  • John usually walks to school if he has enough time.

c. Command

Bentuk:

If + subject + simple present tense …. + command form*….

* Bentuk command terdiri dari bentuk simple dari verb tersebut

Contoh kalimat:

  • If you go to the Post Office, please mail this letter for me.
  • Please call me if you hear from Jane.

Baca juga: Negation: Jenis dan Contoh Kalimatnya

2. Unreal Condition

Mengekspresikan sebuah situasi (past, present, or future) yang terjadi pada sebuah keadaan tertentu.

a. Present or Future Time

Bentuk:

If + subject + simple past tense …. + (would/could/might) + (verb in simple form)

Contoh kalimat:

  • If I had the time, I would go to the beach with you this weekend.
    (I don’t have the time.) (I’m not going to the beach with you.)
  • He would tell you about it if he were here.
    (He won’t tell you about it.) (He’s not here.)
  • If he didn’t speak so quickly, you could understand him.
    (He speaks very quickly.) (You can’t understand him.)

b. Past Time

Bentuk;

If + subject + past perfect …. + (would/could/might) + have + (verb in past participle)

Contoh kalimat:

  • If we had known that you were there, we would have written you a letter.
    (We didn’t know that you were there.) (We didn’t write you a letter.)
  • She would have sold the house if she had found the right buyer.
    (She didn’t sell the house.) (She didn’t find the right buyer.)
  • If we hadn’t lost our way, we would have arrived sooner.)
    (We lost our way.) (We didn’t arrive early.)

Nah, bagaimana teman-teman? Sekarang pastinya udah paham ya terkait penggunaan real condition dan unreal condition. Untuk menguji pemahaman kalian, coba kalian membuat kalimat dalam bentuk real condition dan unreal condition. See you!!

Baca juga: Commands: Jenis dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Reference:

Pyle, M. A., & Page, M. E. (1995). Cliffs TOEFL Preparation Guide. USA: Cliffs Notes Inc.

Author:
Lintang Indira Nadianti
lintangindira19@gmail.com
IG: lintang_indira

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