Tips and Trick Reading Tentang Making Inferences

Tips and Trick Reading Tentang Making Inferences

1. Definisi Inference

Inference adalah suatu gagasan ide atau kesimpulan yang diambil dari bukti dan alasan. Manfaat dari membuat inference atau kesimpulan adalah agar pembaca dapat menemukan tentang makna dan tujuan dari teks tersebut.
Jawaban untuk membuat kesimpulan dari teks tersebut tidaklah langsung tertulis dalam teks tersebut melainkan kita harus bisa membuat kesimpulan atau kemungkinan kesimpulan yang berdasarkan informasi atau fakta dalam teks tersebut secara tidak langsung, karena biasanya kesimpulan tersebut maknanya tersirat dalam teks tersebut.

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Inference questions may be phrased in a number of ways. Many of these questions contain some form of the words implied, inferred, likely, or probably.

For example :

  1. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
  2. It can be inferred from the passage that…
  3. The author implies that…
  4. Which of the following does the passage imply?
  5. Which of the following would be the most reasonable guess about?
  6. The author suggest that…
  7. It is probable that…

2. Example of Making Inference

Sample of Text
Alfred Bernhard Nobel, a Swedish chemist, invented dynamite. As a young man, Nobel experimented with nitroglycerin in his father’s factory. He hoped to make this dangerous substance into a safe and useful explosive, but accidents occurred when it was put on the market. For this reason, people considered Nobel a public enemy, until in 1867 when he succeeded in making his explosives safe to be handled and shipped. Nobel named his invention dynamite. He set up factories throughout the world, and within a few years, he became one of the world’s richest men.

Later, he hated the fact that dynamite could be used in war. invented it for peace but it caused so much death and injury. So in 1900, Nobel set up The Nobel Foundation to manage assets intended to award annual prizes for the most effective work in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, international peace promotion, as stated in his will. The prizes were first presented in 1901, 5 years after Alfred Nobel’s death.

Adapted from The World Book Encyclopedia, Volume 14 1.

  1. What can be inferred about the way Nobel worked?
    (A) He was very careless
    (B) He was persistent in his experiments
    (C) He showed irresponsibility
    (D) He was helpful

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Discussion

Jawabannya adalah B karena di dalam semua isi teks tersebut menjelaskan tentang bagaimana awal dan akhir experiments dari Alfred. A, C, dan D adalah option yang tidak bisa dibuat untuk menjadi kesimpulan karena ini tidak memaparkan seluruh isi teks secara keseluruhan dari awal sampai akhir dia hanya memaparkan secara satu-persatu fakta yang terjadi dalam teks tersebut.

3. Strategi Making Inferences

  1. Baca semua option pilihan jawaban dari soal dengan hati-hati.
  2. Kemudian temukan option jawaban yang di dalamnya terdapat clue atau bukti atau fakta yang bisa ditemukan dalam teks yang dimana ide tersebut harus bisa mencakup semua informasi yang ada dalam teks yang bisa dibuat untuk menjadikan kesimpulan atau bisa kemungkinan menjadi kesimpulan.
  3. Eliminasi jawaban yang salah.
  4. Pilih jawaban yang paling benar.

REFERENCES

  1. Rogers,B.2011.The Complete Guide to the TOEFL Test 2 nd Edition. Heinle Cengage Learning: USA.
  2. LIA Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test 1
  3. https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/inference
  4. https://courses.lumenlearning.com/developmentalreading/chapter/making-inferences/

Winda Yuliani Panjaitan windayuliani.0207@gmail.com ig:windayulianipanjaitan

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