Tips and Trick Reading Tentang Recognise Word Reference

Tips and Trick Reading Tentang Recognise Word Reference

1. Definisi Word Reference

Kata benda yang diganti dengan mengacu pada kata ganti atau kata sifat possesif. Secara umum kata ganti yang dirujuknya berada setelah kata benda tersebut dan kata benda berada diawal sebelum kata ganti tersebut. Kata ganti atau kata sifat yang dapat ditemukan didalam teks diantaranya he , she, it, they, them dan it’s her, his, their, etc.
Word Referensi tersebut biasanya dapat ditemukan didalam frasa ataupun kalimat yang berada setelah kata benda yang akan dirujuk. Question yang menanyakan word reference sering ditandai dengan kata “refers to”

Baca juga : Jasa Penerjemah Tersumpah

2. Example of Word Reference

  1. Andi is my English teacher. He is cheerful person and his height is very tall. He has an expensive motorcycle and it was bought by him last year. its colour is red. The word reference of this reading passage is he, it and its.
  2. Leaves are found on all shed trees, but they diverge greatly in size and shape.They are refers to..a.Tree b.Leaves

3. Strategies for finding Word Reference in reading passage:

  • Baca soal terlebih dahulu dan perhatikan dengan seksama Word Reference (pronoun) pada baris yang ditanyakan didalam soal.
  • Langsung menuju ke baris yang ditanyakan dalam soal dan temukan word reference (pronoun) pada baris yang ditanyakan soal didalam teks tersebut.
  • Hanya perhatikan 1 baris kalimat sebelum baris yang ditanyakan pada soal. Tanpa memerhatikan kalimat-kalimat sebelumnya yang lain ataupun setelahnya.
  • Perhatikan pronoun yang ditanyakan dalam baris tersebut yang ditanyakan di soal apakah dia singular atau plural noun. Jika dia singular noun temukan kata benda singular yang berada sebelum pronoun tersebut dan begitu sebaliknya jika dia plural noun.
  • Eliminasi pilihan yang tidak benar, contohnya seperti kata ganti yang merujuk kata benda itu adalah singular maka pilihan ption kata benda yang plural harus dieliminasi, maka pilihan jawaban yang akan kita pilih lebih sedikit sehingga lebih memudahkan kita menemukan jawaban soal tersebut.
  • Putuskan kata benda apa yang dapat menggantikan dengan benar posisi dari kata ganti tersebut.
  • Jika masih sulit untuk menemukan kata benda dari kata ganti tersebut cobalah untuk menggantikan dengan pilihan kata yang disediakan di option soal, lalu pilihlah jawaban mana yang paling logis untuk menggantikan kata ganti tersebut.
  • Sebagai catatan Jawaban yang benar tidak selalu kata benda yang paling dekat dengan kata ganti di bagian tersebut

4. Exercise Word Reference 1-10

Text 1
American publishers’ have also illustrated artists from other countries whose original, creative works have brought their diverse visions to American children’s book design Among them are Leo Lionni from Italy, Feoddor Rojankowski from Russia, and Taro Yashima from Japan. They are the extraordinary publishers.

Adapted from Rogers B.2011.The Complete Guide to the TOEFL Test 2 nd edition.Heinle Cengage Learning: USA

1.The word “their” in line 3 refers to….
(A) American publishers
(B) Original, imaginative works
(C) Artists from other countries
(D) American children’s

2.The word “them” in line 5 refers to…..
(A) American publishers
(B) Artists from other countries
(C) Original, imaginative works
(D) American children’s

3.The word “they” in line 7 refers to….
(A) American publishers
(B) Original, imaginative works
(C) Artists from other countries
(D) Leo Lionni and Feoddor Rojankowaki

Text 2
Joe Smith sold his house and bought a new one. He put all his furniture in a truck and drove to the new house. There he drove the truck into the garage and took the furniture out. Then the truck was empty, and Joe looked at it. “The truck’s higher now, because it’s empty,’ he said to himself. ‘It isn’t going to get out of the garage again.’ He began driving it out very slowly, but it hit the top of the door. Joe said, ‘What am I going to do now?’ But then he went to all his new neighbours and said, ‘Please come and sit in my truck.’ They were surprised, but they went and sat in the truck. It was heavy now, and Joe drove it out of the garage easily. The neighbours were happy, and Joe was happy too. ‘Now all of us are friends!’ he said.

Adapted from L.A Hill.Introductory Stories for Reproduction 2.Oxford Univeristy Press

4.The word “it” in line 6 refers to….
a.Truck
b.Furnitures
c.Garages
d.Joe

5.The word “he ” in line 9 refers to….
a.Truck
b.Furnitures
c.Garages
d.Joe

6.The word “they” in line 13 refers to….
a.Truck
b.Furnitures
c.Joe’s Neighbours
d.Joe

7.The word “us” in line 17 refers to….
a.Truck
b.Furnitures
c.Joe’s Neighbours and Joe
d.Joe’s Neighbours

8.After electron microscopes were created, scientists gotten many new viruses. Some of them were round, some oval and some of corkscrew-shaped…
(A) electron microscopes
(B) viruses
(C) scientists

9.The detailed information in maps is now shaped almost entirely from satellite photography
rather than by ground surveying because this method is faster, cheaper, and more precise.
(A) satellite photography
(B) ground surveying

10.An elephant is bigger than a mouse because it has trillions more cells, not because its cells are any bigger.
(A) a mouse’s
(B) an elephant’s

Adapted from Rogers,B.2011.The Complete Guide to the TOEFL Test 2 nd Edition. Heinle Cengage Learning: USA.

References

Rogers, B.2011.The Complete Guide to the TOEFL Test 2nd edition .Heinle Cengage Learning: USA. LIA Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test1 https://youtu.be/9St3d2caueM. (BestMyTest Youtube Account). L.AHill. Introductory Stories for Reproduction 2.Oxford Univeristy Press

Winda Yuliani Panjaitan. windayuliani.0207@gmail.com. ig:windayulianipanjaitan

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