Tips and Trick Reading tentang Understanding Finding Specific Information (Factual and Scanning Questions)

Tips and Trick Reading tentang Understanding Finding Specific Information (Factual and Scanning Questions)

A. Factual Questions

1. Definisi Factual Questions

Salah satu jenis dari pertanyaan yang didalamnya menanyakan tentang kejadian nyata atau fakta yang ada dalam text. Seperti halnya questions word yang digunakan berkaitan wh-questions seperti, what, when,where,why,how,etc. “According to the passage…”,According to the author….” or When you see these phrases adalah jenis pertanyaan yang sering digunakan dalam memulai untuk menanyakan pertanyaan factual questions. Lalu ketika kamu menemukan phrases diatas kamu harus tahu bahwa informasi untuk menjawab pertanyaan dari phrases di soal teks tersebut, pasti jawabannya berada di dalam salah satu statements di teks tersebut.
Sebagai tambahannya, bentuk dari jawaban factual questions adalah a restatement dari apa yang di nyatakan di dalam teks tersebut dan dapat dikatakan bahwa informasi yang diperlukan untuk menjawab pertanyaan detail yang ke satu kedua dan seterusnya pasti biasanya berada di dekat awal teks dan diikuti terus seperti itu untuk informasi detail selanjutnya.

Baca juga : Jasa Penerjemah Termurah

2. Example of Factual Questions

As a man of great imagination, the French writer Jules Verne has inspired many inventors. Noted for writing about space, air, and underwater journeys decodes before they were possible, Verne was a pioneer in the writing of the science fiction genre. He is the greatest visionary storyteller of all time and many people considered his ideas seriously because he could predict future in such exact detail.
Scholars would argue with him and experts in mathematics would spend weeks checking his figures. When his novel From The Egrth To The Moon was publisned, five hundred people volunteered for the next expedition. Jules Verne’s imagination and vision, expressed in all of his fiction, have led to important inventions, such as 10 the helicopter and the tetegraph. Indeed, Verne started many other men thinking.

Adapted from SRA Reading Loboratory 3b by Dan H.

1.According to the passage ,when did Verne’s writing appear before it started to inspire inventors?

(A) Tens of years before their inventions
(B) Hundreds of years ago
(C) Since he started his journeys
(D) When his imagination became true

2.What made his books unusual?

(A) His ideas were open to debate,
(B) His writing genre was new.
(C) His stories were based on fantasy.
(D)He had a good publisher.

3.Where did the expedition go as told in one of his famous books?

(A) To the space
(B) To the bottom of the sea
(C) To the moon
(D) To his own country

3. Strategi for Finding specific Information of Factual Questions

  1. Kamu harus mencari dan mengidentfikasi lokasi dari key word yang ditanyakan dalam factual
    questions pada soal tersebut.
  2. Setelah itu fokus kan pikiran kamu hanya untuk pada bagian dari teks yang ada dalam keyword
    tersebut dengan kata lain jangan membaca bagian teks laiinya yang tidak ada kaitan dari keyword
    pertanyaan tersebut.
  3. Temukan sebuah gagasan pokok yang serupa yang barkaitan dengan keyword untuk menjawab
    soal tersebut.
  4. Pahami informasi dari dari bagian tersebut yang berkaitan dengan keyword
  5. Perhatikan option dari soal lalu pilih lah jawaban yang paling sesuai dengan restates dari informasi
    yang ada dikeyword untuk menjawab soal tersebut.

B. Scanning Questions

1. Definisi Scanning Questions

Pertanyaan jenis scanning questions adalah jenis pertanyaan yang menyuruh kita untuk menemukan dan mengidentifasi lokasi dari jawaban atau statements dari soal tersebut di dalam teks tersebut. Dimana untuk memudahkan kita untuk mengidentifikasi kita menggunakan nomor baris dari teks tersebut. Contoh pertanyaan yang sering digunakan untuk menanyakan scanning questions adalah “ where in the passage does the author discuss the …..?” or at what point of the passage does the author discuss…?”

2. Example of Scanning Information

Bioluminescence, defined as the emission of visible light by living organisms, is a characteristic of many near-surface ocean creatures. Most of these creatures produce light when they are irritated by something around them. Scientists have produced light the way these animals do, but the light which is produced by living creatures in the dark will always be beautiful. There are about forty main kinds of organisms that produce bioluminescence. Of these organisms, fireflies ore the best known as insects that have lights. Fireflies can control their lights so that they serve as signals between males and females. Other insects such os the cucujo beetle and the lantern fly, which are found in: tropical forests, produce a very intense light. It is so bright that an army surgeon once performed an operation under the light of a beetle.

Adapted from 1963, Science Research Associates,Inc,Brown LAB IIIb

1.Where in the passage does the author give a definition?

(A) Lines 1-4
(B) Lines 5-6
(C) Lines 8
(D) Lines 9

2.Where in the passage does the author mention the use of the insect light to
illuminate surgery?

(A) Lines 2-3
(B) Lines 7-8
(C) Lines 9-10
(D) Lines 18-21

3. Strategi for Finding Specific Information Factual and Scanning Questions

  1. Putuskan keyword atau key idea mana yang bisa dipilih dari soal tersebut
  2. Perhatikan lines yang ada di option soal tersebut
  3. Lines yang didalamnya terdapat Infomarsi yang ada di keyword atau key idea adalah jawaban yang benar dari soal tersebut
  4. Pilih jawaban yang mengandung nomor baris dari information tersebut.

References

  1. Rogers,B.2011.The Complete Guide to the TOEFL Test 2 nd Edition. Heinle Cengage Learning: USA.
  2. LIA Preparation Course for the TOEFL Test1

Winda Yuliani Panjaitan windayuliani.0207@gmail.com ig:windayulianipanjaitan

Baca Juga : Tips and Trick Reading Tentang Recognise Word Reference

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