Inclusives: Penjelasan, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Inclusives: Penjelasan, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Halo Scholars!!

Dalam bahasa Inggris, terdapat yang namanya inclusives. Inclusives adalah ungkapan seperti not only…but also, both…..and, dan as well as yang berarti in addition to. Bentuk yang selalu digunakan secara bersamaan (noun dengan noun, adjective dengan adjective, etc). Tidak hanya itu, semua bentuknya pun harus dalam bentuk yang sejajar.

Baca juga: Jasa Penerjemah Tersumpah

Baca juga: Kursus Bahasa Inggris Basic, TOEFL 600+ IELTS 8.5

1. Not only…..but also

Correlative conjunctions berupa not only…..but also harus digunakan secara berpasangan untuk menghubungkan kedua bentuk. Kata also dapat dihilangkan, tapi lebih baik untuk tidak dihilangkan.

Bentuk:

Subject + verb + not only + [noun/adjective/adverb/prepositional phrase] + but also + [noun/adjective/adverb/prepositional phrase]

Atau

Subject + not only + verb + but also + verb

Contoh kalimat:

  • Robert is not only talented but also handsome. (adjective)
  • Beth plays not only the guitar but also the violin. (noun)
  • He writes not only correctly but also neatly. (adverb)
  • Maria excels not only in Mathematics but also in Science. (prepositional phrase)
  • Paul Anka not only plays the piano but also composes music. (verb)

Catatan: Pastikan jika not only clause secara langsung mendahului frasa yang merujuk kepada frasa tersebut.

Contoh:

  • He is not only famous in Italy but also in Switzerland. (incorrect)
  • He is famous not only in Italy but also in Switzerland. (correct)

Jika hanya ada satu adjective, biasanya didahului oleh not only clause. Pada contoh kalimat di atas, adjective famous merujuk kepada Italy dan Switzerland.

Baca juga: That and Other Uses: Penjelasan dan Contoh Kalimatnya

2. As well as

Bentuk:

Subject + verb + [noun/adjective/adverb/prepositional phrase] + as well as + [noun/adjective/adverb/prepositional phrase]

atau

Subject + verb + as well as + verb…..

Contoh kalimat:

  • Robert is talented as well as as handsome. (adjective)
  • Beth plays the guitar as well as the violin. (noun)
  • He writes correctly as well as neatly. (adverb)
  • Marta excels in Mathematics as well as in Science. (prepositional phrase)
  • Paul Anka plays the piano as well as composes music. (verb)

Catatan: Ketika menggunakan as well as untuk mengindikasikan compound subject, maka frasa tersebut harus menggunakan koma. Verb dalam kalimat tersebut juga harus disesuaikan dengan subject bukan noun yang mendekati verb tersebut.

Contoh kalimat:

  • The teacher, as well as her students, is going to the concert.
  • My cousins, as well as Tim, a test tomorrow.

3. Both…and

Correlative conjunctions yang muncul berpasangan dalam sebuah kalimat. Aturan penulisannya pun sama dengan not only…but also

Contoh kalimat:

  • Robert is both talented and handsome. (adjective)
  • Beth plays both the guitar and the violin. (noun)
  • He writes both correctly and neatly. (adverb)
  • Marta excels both in Mathematics and in Science (prepositional phrase)
  • Paul Anka both plays the piano and composes music. (verb)

Catatan: Jangan menggunakan both dan as well as dalam kalimat yang sama.

Nah bagaimana teman-teman, sekarang sudah paham bukan terkait jenis-jenis inclusives. Yuk, sekarang coba buat kalimat kalian sendiri menggunakan masing-masing inclusives. See you!!

Baca juga: Restrictive and Non Restrictive Clauses: Penjelasan dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Reference:

Pyle, M. A., & Page, M. E. (1995). Cliffs TOEFL Preparation Guide. USA: Cliffs Notes Inc.

Author:
Lintang Indira Nadianti
lintangindira19@gmail.com
IG: lintang_indira

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