Problem Verbs: Penjelasan, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Problem Verbs: Penjelasan, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Halo Scholars!!

Dalam bahasa Inggris, terdapat beberapa verb yang sering kali membingungkan dalam penggunaannya. Beberapa verb tersebut adalah lie/lay, rise/raise, dan sit/set. Untuk mengatasi hal tersebut maka kita dapat membaginya menjadi dua kategori. Kategori pertama adalah transitive verb, atau dapat disebut juga dengan verb yang membutuhkan complement atau pelengkap. Selanjutnya adalah intransitive verb yang tidak membutuhkan complement atau pelengkap.

Baca juga: Jasa Penerjemah Tersumpah

Baca juga: Kursus Bahasa Inggris Basic, TOEFL 600+ IELTS 8.5

1. Transitive Verbs

  • Raise – raised – raised – raising
  • Lay – laid – laid – laying
  • Set – set – set – setting

2. Intransitive Verbs

  • Rise – rose – risen – rising
  • Lie – lay – lain – lying
  • Sit – sat – sat – sitting

Nah, sekarang perhatikan penjelasan dari masing-masing verb tersebut.

a. Rise

Verb rise memiliki makna to get up, move up under one’s own power (without help of someone else), increase. Perhatikan jika dalam penggunaannya tidak membutuhkan complement.

Contoh kalimat:

  • The sun rises early in the summer.
  • When the bell rings, the student rise from their seats.
  • When oil and water mix, oil rises to the top.
  • Jim rose early so that he could play golf before the others.
  • It must be late; the moon has risen.
  • Prices have risen more than ten percent in a very short time.

b. Raise

Verb raise memiliki makna to lift or elevate an object; atau to increase something. Berbeda dengan yang sebelumnya, raise harus memiliki complement dalam sebuah kalimat.

Contoh kalimat:

  • The students raise their hands in class.
  • The weightlifter raises the barbells over his head.
  • The crane raises the car out of the lake.
  • After studying very hard, John raised his grades substantially.
  • Mr. Daniels has raised his tenants’ rent another fifteen dollars.
  • The OPEC countries have raised the price of oil.

c. Lie

Lie memiki makna to rest, repose, atau to be situated in a place. Biasanya digunakan dengan preposition down. Penggunaannya pun berbeda dengan verb lie, lied, lied, yang memiliki makna say something that is not true.

Contoh kalimat:

  • The university lies in the western section of town.
  • If the children are tired, they should lie down for a nap.
  • Maria Elena lay on the beach for three hours yesterday sumbathing.
  • The old dog just lay on the grass watching the children at play.
  • Don’t disturb Mary; she has lain down for a rest.
  • That old rug had lain in the corner for many years before it was put in the garage.

Baca juga: Aturan Penulisan Say dan Tell dalam Bahasa Inggris

d. Lay

Verb ini memiliki makna to put somebody or something on a surface.

Contoh kalimat:

  • Don’t lay your clothes on the bed.
  • The boy lays his books on the table every day.
  • The enemy soldiers laid down their weapons and surrendered.
  • The children laid their toys on the floor when they had finished using them.
  • The students had laid their compositions on the teacher’s desk before the bell rang.
  • The nurse laid the baby in the crib.

e. Sit

Sit memiliki makna to take a sit. Terkadang juga digunakan dengan preposition down.

Contoh kalimat:

  • We are going to sit in the fifth row at the opera.
  • Bullfight fans sit in the shade because it is cool.
  • Because the weather was nice, we sat on the patio.
  • After swimming, Bob sat on the beach to dry off.
  • Nobody has sat through as many boring lectures as Pete has.
  • They have sat in the same position for two hours.

f. Set

Verb tersebut memiliki makna to put somebody or something on a surface or in a place. Terkadang dalam penggunaanya bisa digantikan dengan lay atau put kecuali dalam penggunaan ungkapan tertentu seperti set the table.

Contoh kalimat:

  • The little girl helps her father set the table every night.
  • The carpenters set their tools in the box at noon and go to lunch.
  • The botanist set her plants in the sun so that they would grow.
  • After carrying her son from the car, the mother set him in his crib.
  • Don’t set the chocolate near the oven or it will melt.
  • No sooner had they set the roast in the oven, than the electricity went out.

Baca juga: Clauses of Concession: Penjelasan, Jenis, dan Contoh Kalimatnya

Reference:

Pyle, M. A., & Page, M. E. (1995). Cliffs TOEFL Preparation Guide. USA: Cliffs Notes Inc.

Author:
Lintang Indira Nadianti
lintangindira19@gmail.com
IG: lintang_indira

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