TOEFL Structure Skill 16: Inverted Word Order with Conditionals

TOEFL Structure Skill 16: Inverted Word Order with Conditionals

Halo Scholars!!

Seperti yang kalian udah baca pada artikel sebelumnya kalau inverted word order dapat terjadi juga pada conditionals. Bagaimana penggunaannya? Yuk langsung aja simak artikel di bawah ini.

Baca juga: Jasa Penerjemah Tersumpah

Baca juga: Kursus Bahasa Inggris Basic, TOEFL 600+ IELTS 8.5

Skill 16: Inverted Subject and Verb with Conditionals

Pembalikan susunan subject dan verb juga dapat terjadi pada conditional structures tertentu. Seperti conditional clause dengan kata kerja bantu had, should, atau were dan ketika connector if dihilangkan.

Contoh:

If he had taken more time, the results would have been better.
Had he taken more time, the results would have been better.

I would help you if I were in a position to help.
I would help you were I in a position to help.

If you should arrive before 6:00, just give me a call.
Should you arrive before 6:00, just give me a call.

Pada ketiga contoh kalimat di atas ketika connector ‘if’ tetap ditulis seperti biasanya, maka pembalikan susunan subject dan verb tidak diperlukan. Sedangkan jika connector ‘if’ dihilangkan maka pembalikan susunan subject dan verb diperlukan.

Baca juga: TOEFL Structure Skill 14: Inverted Word Order with Place Expressions

Contoh soal:

The report would have been accepted ____ in checking its accuracy.
a. if more care
b. more care had been taken
c. had taken more care
d. had more care been taken

Pada contoh soal di atas membutuhkan connector ‘if’ juga subject dan verb, namun connector ‘if’ dapat dihilangkan dan terjadi pembalikan subject dan verb. Jawaban A tidak tepat karena terdapat connector if dan subject care namun tidak ada verbnya. Jawaban B juga tidak tepat karena terdapat subject care dan verb had been taken tetapi tidak ada connectornya. Jawaban C dan D terdapat connector if yang dihilangkan. Karena pembalikan susunan subject dan verb perlu dilakukan maka jawaban yang paling tepat adalah D.

Inverted Subjects and Verbs with Conditionals

Pembalikan susunan subject dan verb dapat terjadi jika connector ‘if’ dihilangkan dan diganti dengan kata-kata berikut:

  1. Had
  2. Should
  3. Were

Sentence Patterns:

Ketika verb berupa conditional clause, maka connector if dapat dihilangkan dan pembalikan susunan subject dan verb perlu dilakukan.

Omitted ifVS 
 Werehehere, he would help

Tetapi jika connector if tetap ditulis seperti biasanya, maka pembalikan susunan subject dan verb tidak perlu dilakukan.

ConnectorSV 
Ifhewerehere, he would help.

Baca juga: TOEFL Structure Skill 15: Inverted Word Order with Negatives

Jadi dari ulasan di atas dapat disimpulkan jika pembalikan susunan subject dan verb terjadi pada conditionals yang mengganti connector ‘if’ dengan had, should, atau were.

Contoh:

Should I had come here before I could have completed the task.
Were you here you could have enjoyed the program.
Had I seen you before I could given it to you.

References:

Phillips, D. (2003). Longman Preparation Course for The TOEFL Test. USA: Pearson Education.
https://www.learngrammar.net/a/examples-of-inversion-used-in-conditional-sentences

Author:
Lintang Indira Nadianti
lintangindira19@gmail.com
IG: lintang_indira

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *